3 Common Diseases Caused by Blood borne Pathogens

Blood borne pathogens present in the blood of a person can spread to others if such blood or body fluids enter the body of another through cuts, wounds or broken skin, or via the mucus membrane and of course when injured by infected needles and instruments. The bacteria and virus can lead to a number of diseases depending upon various factors including the immunity or the presence of some prior infection in the system of the newly infected person. Stroyka

Hepatitis B Virus (HBV): HBV can lead to an infection called Hepatitis B which causes inflammation of the liver and can also lead to enlargement and tenderness. This infection is largely transmitted through the blood and in serious cases can cause liver cirrhosis and even cancer. The typical symptoms of such an infection include jaundice, stomach pain, loss of appetite, nausea, fatigue, and conditions resembling those of influenza. The HBV can stay active even in dried blood which is as old as a week, thus house-keeping and laundry people and even those who come in contact with infected clothes, equipment or materials are at risk and must exercise due caution while handling such things. While there is no cure for HBV, vaccinations administered properly can help in building up immunity especially for healthcare people who come in contact with such patients and materials in their course of work. Stroyka Hepatitis C Virus (HCV): Just like HBV, HCV too affects the liver and is one of the most common and chronic kind of blood borne disease. In addition it is also one of the major reasons for liver transplants in America. The HCV can be passed on by contact with infected blood; Needles tick injuries, and injections. It shares symptoms that are similar to HBV, and in the long run can lead to acute problems and damage to the liver. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): HIV is a kind of blood borne pathogen that infects through contact with the blood or Needle stick injuries. The virus targets the immune system and goes on weakening it over time till a stage where the body finds it extremely difficult to fight diseases. HIV can remain in the body for years and can cause Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) at the later or final stages. The symptoms to look out for include weight loss, swelling of the lymph glands, weakness, nausea, fever, diarrhea, sore throat and a kind of white coloring on the tongue. HIV, unlike the Hepatitis virus is fragile and cannot survive out of the body for extended periods of time. Thus all the staff who administer first aid or who can potentially come in contact with fresh blood or infected materials must be especially careful.

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